The waste and sanitation workers play a vital role in keeping our cities clean, yet they remain unappreciated and most often socially marginalized. With the various risks and occupational hazards they face in their day-to-day lives, the provision of adequate personal protective equipment as well as giving the necessary education to use those properly have been given less attention. The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed this issue vividly, as we see them performing their duties without adequate knowledge of the extreme risk they are being exposed to and hence, they have become frontline workers in this pandemic. In order to pinpoint effective intervention strategies, it is necessary to assess the health, hygiene and working conditions of the workers during service delivery. The aim of this study was to evaluate these issues through a cross-sectional study in selected cities and municipalities in Bangladesh.
This textbook has been developed with proper balance of ‘software’ i.e., socio-cultural and economic aspects and ‘hardware’ i.e., technical aspects, and with special attention to gender issue, including experiences in Bangladesh.
Third Edition: June, 2007
People’s perception about the existing communication materials on rural water supply and sanitation programme has been examined in the study wherefrom the factors influencing the effectiveness of materials have been identified and finally, a set of recommendations has been made towards development of effective communication materials.
Researcher(s): Nazmul Ahsan Kalimullah
First Edition: January, 2003
Overflowing of latrine during monsoon flood and heavy rainfall is a common scenario in Bangladesh. To overcome this common problem, an attempt was made to provide technological solutions for safe sanitary latrines based on the concept of ‘raised latrine’ constructed above flood level in flood-prone and high water table areas. The technologies include ‘Earth Stabilized Raised Pit Latrine’, ‘Step Latrine’, ‘Mount Latrine’ and ‘Sand Enveloped Pit Latrine’.
Researcher(s): Noor M. Kazi
First Edition: January , 2003