Sanitation Safety Plan-Sakhipur municipality-Tangail

Sanitation Safety Plan-Sakhipur municipality-Tangail

Publisher(s): ITN-BUET, WaterAid Bangladesh

February, 2023

Category: Handbook / Guidebook

Sakhipur municipality, under district of Tangail having population of 30,028 in an area of around 13. 77 sq. km is experiencing rapid increase of population, and insufficient sanitation and faecal sludge management (FSM) despite of having a successfully FSM system ensuring sanitation value chain (from containment, collection, transportation, treatment and end use) in place since 2015. WaterAid Bangladesh is providing technical and financial support to Sakhipur municipality to operate FSM system and ensuring safely managed sanitation in the city. A baseline study conducted in 2015 found that 95% of the containment systems in the city are pits, and only 5% are septic tanks. The access to improve sanitation facilities as well as to protect public health at different steps of sanitation value chain, management and investment in improvements on sanitation system in Sakhipur should be made based on adequate understanding of the actual health risks posed by the systems, and how these risks might be controlled. The overall aim is to develop a Sanitation Safety Plan (SSP) for Sakhipur municipality, Tangail, to protect public health through sanitation interventions and guide its investment accordingly.

The specific objectives are to:

  • Systematically analyse the health risks associated in the sanitation value chain in the Sakhipur municipality and propose a comprehensive Sanitation Safety Plan for the city
  • Provide a clear roadmap for monitoring the SSP for ensuring the control measures and verifying the system performance

The scope of the SSP development process is as follows:

  • Define the boundary of SSP (since there is no sewerage system in Sakhipur, only the onsite sanitation system, including FSM will be under the purview of this SSP
  • Set the broad public health objectives of SSP for Sakhipur municipality following the WHO sanitation safety plan (SSP)
  • Develop a complete SSP for Sakhipur municipality to ensure public health safety. This includes conducting hazard analysis and preparing a hazard matrix for the sanitation value chain of Sakhipur municipality
  • Categorise and prioritise risks for different hazards
  • Suggest control measures and improvement plans to mitigate risks
  • Prepare monitoring plan for the control measures and verify the performance

The SSP for Sakhipur municipality has been developed in line with the Sanitation Safety Planning Manual of WHO (WHO, 2015). According to the manual, there are six steps for sanitation safety planning:

  • Preparation for sanitation safety planning
  • Describe the sanitation system
  • Identification of hazardous events, assessment of existing control measure and exposure risks
  • Develop and implement plans
  • Monitor control measures and verify the performances
  • Develop supporting programs along with their review plan
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